Hypermobility Syndrome: Causes and Treatments
Joint hypermobility syndrome is a condition which is characterized by joints that have an abnormal increase in mobility. A person may be able to bend their wrists, elbows, ankles, or other joints past the normal range of motion. In many people, this condition is unproblematic and does not cause them any adverse complications. But in others, especially as they age, hypermobility syndrome and related joint conditions can require either surgical or non-surgical treatment.
What Causes Hypermobility Syndrome?
At the current time, researchers think that hypermobility of joints is a genetic trait that can be passed on to children from their parents. As such, it is more common to see several instances of hypermobility in a family rather than an isolated instance, though it is possible to develop spontaneously. The accepted explanation of this condition is that the genes which control collagen in the body are abnormal. Collagen is a protein which is responsible for the structural support of the body’s connective tissues like muscles, skin, bones, tendons, and ligaments.
Additionally, hypermobility of joints is associated with other medical conditions like Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS), Down Syndrome, and Marfan Syndrome. These are likewise caused by genetic variations both inherited and randomly developed, and hypermobility typically comes with these genetic variations.
Is There Treatment for Hypermobility Syndrome?
Because hypermobility syndrome and the other related health conditions are genetic, there is no “cure” or treatment. If symptoms become more problematic, different kinds of treatment can help mitigate the complications. Some people with hypermobility syndrome suffer from the following issues caused by the condition:
Lack of joint stability
Frequent joint sprains
Frequent muscle strains from over-flexing the joint
Scoliosis and back pain
Cartilage degeneration and arthritis
These complications can get worse over time. Physical therapy can help patients with hypermobility syndrome strengthen their muscles to provide joints with more stability. This will help prevent sprains and strains, and could prevent other complications like arthritis from developing.
In some who have severe arthritis or joint damage from hypermobility syndrome, orthopeadic surgery can help repair the joint. There are a few different kinds of orthopeadic procedures which could benefit someone suffering from hypermobility complications. However, depending on the severity of the condition and other factors, some operations might not be recommended.
If you are having problems with a hypermobile joint and are wondering if you could benefit from surgery, come and see the orthopedic experts at Orthopeadic Associates of St. Augustine. Our variety of treatment options ranging from physical therapy to surgery might be able to offer relief to those suffering from joint hypermobility. To find out if one of these treatment options is right for you, request an appointment with us online or call 904-825-0540.