Most Common Sports-Related Injuries
A lot of the patients that visit us at Orthopaedic Associates of St. Augustine come to us after sustaining an injury and oftentimes the injury is sports-related. There is never a convenient time to have an injury and many of them happen outside of normal business hours, such as after work, school or during the weekend.
Here are some of the top sports injuries that we treat on a regular basis:
Sprains and Strains
A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament and a strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon. Such injuries can be caused by falling, twisting, pulling, or getting hit. The most common sprains occur in the wrist and ankle. Strains are common in the back, hamstring and groin muscles. Treatment for sprains and strains generally includes resting and icing the injured area. Physical therapy may be needed in some cases.
The knee is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments, muscles, and tendons – all of which are at risk for injuries. Ligament injuries such as an ACL tear are some of the most common knee injuries because the knee is easily twisted when it is hit or takes on too much pressure. Runner’s knee is another common injury. Treatment for knee injuries will vary depending on the extent of the injury. For an ACL tear surgery is typically required, but with runner’s knee the best treatment is rest.
Whether it’s a sprain, strain or dislocation, shoulder injuries are common in the world of sports. Shoulder injuries most often occur in sports that have an overhead motion, such as baseball, volleyball, tennis, swimming, and weightlifting. In order to help prevent shoulder injuries it is recommended to strengthen the shoulder muscles through weight training.
In sports that involve running and jumping the Achilles tendon can easily be overworked. Inflammation and pain is common with Achilles tendonitis. If it is left untreated or a sudden movement proves to be too much for the tendon, it may actually rupture. Rest and ice goes a long way in treating a sore Achilles tendon. Stretching exercises that concentrate on the calf muscles can help prevent Achilles tendon injuries.
As its name suggests, tennis or golfer’s elbow, also called elbow tendonitis, is a common injury among tennis and golf athletes. It is caused by performing the same motion again and again. Elbow tendonitis cannot heal with rest. Once it has healed a few exercises may be recommended to strengthen the elbow and a brace may be part of treatment as well.
Fractures and Breaks
A bone fracture or break is often caused by falling in sports. Signs of a fracture or break include swelling, bruising, pain, limited mobility, soreness, and sometimes a misshapen limb. These injuries typically require patients to wear a cast or splint for six weeks and surgery is occasionally recommended. Prevention is a challenge for athletes because such an injury really depends on how you fall.
You may request an appointment online, or call us at 904-825-0540. Walk ins are always welcome!
ALBERT VOLK, MD
Board certifications in Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine. He specializes in an all-arthroscopic rotator cuff repair of the shoulder.